The cause of caries.
The most common dental disease today is caries. Oral microflora (bacteria which are present in the mouth) play an important role in the development of caries. The food that we eat is the nurturing environment for the development of bacteria and microorganisms. Carbohydrates are the best source of energy for bacteria and can contribute significantly to the development of caries.
Сarious сavity is the result of a chemical reaction from the decomposition of bacteria products (mainly acids) in the tooth tissue. Acidic substances damage the enamel and dentin, leading to the occurrence of cavities in the teeth.
If left untreated, caries may continue spreading deeper through the enamel and dentin, until it reaches the dental pulp (better known as dental nerve). If this occurs, it is possible that the tooth will require endodontic treatment (root canal treatment) or even deletion.
How do we treat caries?
The first step to treating carious defects is the careful removal of infected and damaged tooth tissues. Then the cavity is filled with a special material which imitates the look and biomechanical properties of natural tissues.
In our clinic we use filling materials and restoration systems of the world’s leading manufacturers, which in combination with the work of the highly qualified doctors provide long-term esthetic results.
Root canal treatment
What is a root canal?
The space inside the tooth from the tooth centre, better known as the pulp chamber that runs through the entire length of the root to the crown of the tooth is called canal, or more precisely, root canal. Human teeth may have a different number of canals, depending on the anatomy of the tooth: molars have from 2 to 4 canals, premolars and canines – from 1 to 2 canals, and finally incisors usually have 1 canal. From the main canal may also deviate more canals. The number of canals and their anatomy is individual and may vary.
The most common causes of root canal diseases
Any injury or infection of the nerve leads to the need for root canal treatment. The most common causes for root canal treatment include:
• Caries damages teeth, passing through the enamel and dentin to the pulp.
• An abscess process occurs in the tooth which was infected after the tooth pulp got decayed.
• An injury like a chipped or broken tooth, which results in the nerve irritation. (The tooth slowly dies due to aging or a past trauma, which leads to the need for treatment at the time of injury).
How is the root canal therapy carried out?
Root canal treatment is carried out in one or more visit to the doctor. Before the procedure the dentist will advise you on the required number of visits, materials and methods to be used to complete treatment. The use of modern anesthetics exclude the possible discomfort. A fundamentally new approach to endodontic treatment, combined with innovative technologies and modern materials will save lives of your teeth for years.